“Fast Processes” is one out of six 1st priority beamlines that are planned for construction within the project SRF SKIF (Shared Research Facility “Siberian circular photon source") . The beamline would include two independent instruments installed at a wiggler source, i.e., Dynamic processes and Plasma. The beamline is designed to meet a wide range of research and technological challenges related to processes occurring in nano- and microsecond timescales. The current conceptual design of the beamline aims at a complex approach to structural studies of various objects relying on high-brightness synchrotron radiation beams.
The beamline would implement X-ray diffraction, small-angle scattering, and radiography techniques with a high temporal resolution, with a typical delay between frames down to 2.8 ns and exposures of about 50 ps.
The assortment of scientific problems to be solved at the beamline includes studies of detonation processes; impact of explosion and shock waves on structural materials; dynamic endurance and fracture emergence; influence of laser irradiation and plasma on a variety of substances. The aforementioned synchrotron-based techniques will allow us to track structural changes along the detonation and shock-wave front, detect the formation of nanoparticles from explosion products (e.g., nanodiamonds), and elucidate the phase composition and local structure of substances subjected to extreme dynamic impacts.