27 February 2017 to 3 March 2017
Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics
Asia/Novosibirsk timezone

CaloCube: a highly segmented calorimeter for space based observation of high energy cosmic rays.

28 Feb 2017, 17:00
Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics

Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics

11, akademika Lavrentieva prospect, Novosibirsk, Russia
Board: 57
Poster Instrumentation for Astroparticle and Neutrino physics Posters


Prof. paolo walter cattaneo (INFN Pavia)


Future research in High Energy Cosmic Ray Physics concerns fundamental questions on their origin, acceleration mechanism,and composition.Unambiguous measurements of the energy spectra and of composition of cosmic rays at the “knee” region are expected to answer the above questions. Ground based experiments have systematic limitations to the precision of the measurement and thus they must be complemented by space-based experiemtns. A calorimeter based space experiment can provide not only flux measurements but also energy thus overcoming some of the limitations of the ground based experiments. Large acceptance is required, but this contrasts with the limitations in weight and size of space based experiments. A novel idea in calorimetry is discussed here which addresses these issues compatibly with the constraints. Simulation and beam test results with prototypes are reported.


Future satellite-based experiments dedicated to the observation of high-energy gamma and
charged cosmic rays will increasingly rely on highly performing calorimetry, and their
physics performance will depend on the geometrical dimensions and the energy
resolution of the calorimeter.
Thus an important issue is the optimization of the geometrical
acceptance, the granularity and the absorption depth with respect to the total mass of the apparatus which is a crucial constraint for space based experiments.
The design studied in CaloCube satisfies those criteria while retaining a total
mass below 1.6 tons. It is a homogeneous calorimeter with active material
Cesium Iodide (CsI) crystals, whith a cubic and isotropic geometry, to be sensitive to particles
from every direction in space. Granularity is defined by the small size of the
cubic CsI crystals. The total radiation length in all directions is sufficient for measurement of electromagnetic particles, whilst the interaction length is sufficient to allow a precise reconstruction
of hadronic showers.
This configuration requires original solutions in the read-out system, which must cope with a verylarge dynamic range, and with calibration requirements that are tackled by a LED base system.
Results of prototypes built with different crystal materials in beam test with electrons, hadrons and muons are presented.

Primary author

Prof. paolo walter cattaneo (INFN Pavia)

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